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All main topics / Englisch / Englisch

Englisch Academische Sublist 4 (242 Cards)

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to set down or think of as belonging to, produced by, resulting from, or originating in, assign or ascribe (to); to ascribe as a quality or characteristic  
Attribute
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The play is _ to Shakespeare.  
attributed
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A characteristic or quality of a thing
Attribute (noun)
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The main __ of this breed are that they can go for many days without water and are very docile
but strong animals.
attributes
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[noun] the right to enter

Access
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We take appropriate measures to safeguard databases against unauthorized __
access.
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[adjective] easy to approach or enter
accessible
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In order to make the service __ to all, we offer the service free of charge.
accessible
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How does one __ the attic in this house?
[verb] reach or gain access to; 
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[adjective] (sometimes followed by `to') meeting the requirements, especially of a task
Adequate
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she was __ to the job
adequate
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[adjective] enough to meet a purpose; 
adequate
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The food was __, it achieved its primary aim of satisfying our hunger though the quality
of the meal was questionable.
adequate
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[adjective] about average; acceptable;
adequate
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He is more than __ as a secretary which is why I believe a raise and extra responsibilities
is appropriate.
adequate
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a reference book that is published regularly once every year
Annual
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[adjective] occurring or payable every year; 
annually
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An __ trip to Paris 
annual
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__ (or yearly) income
Annual
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Plans are well advanced for the __ conference, which is to be held in 2010 in Durham.
annual
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Readily seen; visible, readily understood; clear or obvious.
apparent
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The solution to the problem was __ to all.
apparent
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Appearing as such but not necessarily so; seeming.
apparent
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He was the __ winner of the election but many refused to accept this until all the votes had been
counted.
apparent
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Almost exact or correct.
approximate (adj.)
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The__ time of the accident was 01.00 though police would like to hear from anyone who was
in the area between midnight and 02.00.
approximate
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Very similar; closely resembling.
approximate (adj.)
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Police have sketched an __ likeness of the suspect.
approximate
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To come close to; be nearly the same as, to bring near.
approximate
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This meat substitute__ the real thing.
approximates
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A state of mind or a feeling; disposition.
attitude
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His negative __ was starting to affect his colleagues so it was decided to move him to another
department.
attitude
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a body of laws, as of a nation or city; any set of principles or rules of conduct; genetic
code; a system of symbols used as in secret writing; a binary system of converting information
Code (noun)
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The formulation of the __ of ethics should take the outside stakeholders into account.
code
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to put in the form or symbols of a code; to put in binary form, as for computer use
Code
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Either lay the components aside in proper order or __ them with numbers and letters so they may be
replaced in their proper position.
Code
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perpetrate: perform an act, usually with a negative connotation
Commit
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The thief __ a crime. 
commits
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give: give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause; 
Commit
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She __ herself to the work of God.
committed
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an engagement by contract involving financial obligation; 
Commitment
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His business __ took him to London
commitments
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transmit information
Communicate
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Please __ this message to all employees
communicate
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transmit thoughts or feelings;
Communicate
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He __ his anxieties to the psychiatrist
communicated
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the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information; 
Communication
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They could not act without official __ from Moscow.
communication
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direct one's attention on something; 
Concentrate
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For his thesis he’s __ on  just one species though he has written papers on several others.
concentrating
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draw together or meet in one common center; 
Concentrate
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These groups __ in the inner cities.
concentrate
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make denser, stronger, or purer
Concentrate
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The juice is __ so you should add water before drinking it. 
concentrated
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the  strength  of  a  solution;  number  of  molecules  of  a  substance  in  a  given
volume
Concentration
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Calculate the __ of chemical solutions in percent composition by mass, molarity, molality, and
normality.
concentration
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complete attention; intense mental effort 
Concentration
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In Buddhism, samādhi is mental __ or composing the mind.
concentration
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to discuss sth with sb before making a decision
Confer
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The president will __ with his advisers before responding to the current crisis.
confer
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  to give, grant, or bestow; to compare; to have a conference or talk
Confer
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The Chancellor presides at the annual meeting of the University Court and formally __ degrees but
has no other statutory duties. 
confers
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the act of conversing or consulting on a serious matter; a formal meeting of a
number of people for discussion or consultation
Conference
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We will be organizing a __ on risk perception to address this matter in detail. 
conference
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to compare so as to point out the differences; set off against one another; to show
differences when compared; form a contrast
Contrast
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If you __ some of her early writing with her later work, you can see just how much she has
improved. 
contrast
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an obvious difference between two or more things
Contrast
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The __ in treatment between the Vietnamese and Chinese helps to explain the depth of bad feeling
towards the boat people.
contrast
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But the enthusiasm of the 10,000 East Germans who cheered Dr Kohl and pinned their hopes on him to
bring the two Germanys together was in stark __ to official statements on the future from East
Germany's reform-minded leaders.  
contrast
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to ride a bicycle 
Cycle
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I __ 15’000 km last year.
cycled
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a group of events which happen in a particular order, one following the other,
and which are often repeated; one in a series of movements that a machine performs
Cycle
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A lunar month lasts 29.5 days. Many cycles are coordinated with the lunar month or with stages of the
lunar __
Cycle
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describes a group of events which happen in a particular order, one following the other,
and which are often repeated  
Cyclical
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Changes in the economy have followed a __ pattern.
cyclical
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a formal discussion in a public meeting or legislature, in which opposing arguments are presented.
Debate
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The leaders of the two major political parties will have a __ on television tonight.
Debate
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to discuss or argue about s.th.
Debate
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The government is __ the possibility of raising taxes on cigarettes once again.
debating
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in spite of
Despite (Preposition)
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She was wearing only a T-shirt and shorts, __ the cold weather.
despite
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a measurable extent, such as length, breadth, or height.
Dimension
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We'd better check the __ of the room again before we start cutting this new carpet.
dimensions
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an aspect or feature
Dimension (noun)
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Computer chat rooms have added a whole new __ to the dating process.
dimension
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of or relating to the home 
domestic (adj)
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Some countries that have a long tradition in brewing sell only __ beer as the range of local
varieties mean there is no need to import.
domestic
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become known or apparent
emerge
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come out into view
emerge
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Some surprising results __ from the study.
emerged
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Suddenly, after hours of waiting, the badger __ from his hole and set off for a night’s hunting.
emerged
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Newly formed or just coming into prominence
emerging (adj)
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China’s market is an __ market that is attracting a lot of interest from foreign investors.
emerging (adj)
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The condition of having incorrect or false knowledge, a mistake
error
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His written work is full of __.
errors
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The flight was cancelled in __  which left a lot a travellers confused and angry.
error
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denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of
people
Ethnic
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An __ group is a group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common
heritage that is real or assumed- sharing cultural characteristics
ethnic
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end, finish, destination, a successful attempt at scoring
Goal (noun)
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To achieve this __ of balanced development, communications between the central government and the
local communities must be such that the needs and aspirations of the people themselves are effectively
taken into account.
Goal (noun)
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any monetary aid, the act of providing a subsidy, a transfer of property by deed of conveyance
Grant (noun)
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From 1850 the federal government made generous __ to help railroad promoters in raising capital.
grants
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: let have, give as judged due or on the basis of merit, be willing to concede, allow to have
Grant (verb):
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Funds are __ to qualified researchers.
granted
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that is the reason or explanation for; therefore; from this time
Hence (adv)
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The project will be completed at the end of the decade, two years __.
Hence (adv)
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His mother was Italian, __ his name - Luca.
hence
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an idea or explanation for something that is based on known facts but has not yet
been proved
Hypothesis (noun)
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Several __ for global warming have been suggested but none have been proven.
hypotheses
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imagined or suggested but not necessarily real or true
Hypothetical (adj)
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This is all very __ but supposing Jackie got the job, how would that affect you?
hypothetical
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There's no point __ about how the accident happened, since we'll never really know.
hypothesizing
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to put a plan or system into operation
Implement (verb)
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The changes to the national health system will be __ next year.
implemented
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to involve, to connect intimately or incriminatingly; to have as a consequence or
necessary circumstance
implicate
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His evasiveness__ complicity.
implicated
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a formal relationship between two propositions such that if the first is true then
the second is necessarily or logically true
Implication
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Any report must examine the wide environmental __of government decisions on agricultural
biotechnology.
implications
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To establish or apply as compulsory; to apply or make prevail by or as if by authority:
impose a peace settlement; to obtrude or force on another or others; to take unfair advantage 
Impose
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The findings show that British car users meet only 27 per cent of the real costs which their vehicles
__ on society, constituting a huge burden on the economy.
Impose
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to unit; to designate, to amalgamate or mix groups with an existing community; to
perform an integration
integrate
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By self-determination we mean the right for us to associate and __ with the unitary state, or, as a
nation, to secede.
integrate
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made up of parts
Integrated
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In July 1990, in Japan, Sony launched the world's first palmtop, fully __ CD-ROM system, the Data
Discman.
integrated
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1. of, situated on, or suitable for the inside; inner. 
internal
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The contingency approach states that while a particular structure may create optimum efficiency in an
organisation, this ideal structure will vary according to the __ and external conditions of each
organisation.
internal
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To observe or inquire into in detail; examine systematically; To make a detailed
inquiry or systematic examination.
investigate
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The idea is to__ changes in variability with age.
investigate
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1. an individual piece of work or task
job
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2. an occupation; post of employment
job
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3. an object
worked on or a result produced from working
job
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4. a duty or responsibility her job was to cook the
dinner
job
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5. Informal a difficult task or problem
“I had a job to contact him”
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6. a state of affairs
“make the best of a bad job”,  “it's a good job I saw you”
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I'm starting my first full time __ next week.
job
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Sir Edward Heath has done an admirable __ in trying to get agreement between all parties on how to
proceed.
job
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a card, a strip of paper marked and attached to an object to indicate its nature or
contents or ownership, an identifying brand of a company
Label
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When someone pays their entry fee they get a sticky __ and we write their name on it.
Label
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to attach a label to, to classify as, to differentiate an element or atom
Label (verb)
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The various salamander species along the rim of the valley are not easy  to classify or to __.
label
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the working parts or arrangement of parts of a machine, a system    
  whose parts work together
Mechanism (noun)
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To control an epidemic of FMD it is essential to understand the __ by which the FMD virus is
being spread.
Mechanism (noun)
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clear to almost anyone.
Obvious
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The most __ explanation is not always the correct one.
Obvious
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To fill a pace or period of time
Occupy (verb)
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The large table __ most of the room.
occupied
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to live in or use a house, piece of land etc
Occupy (verb)
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The office __ almost 3 floors of the building (for people it’s more normal to use the passive form
“The old house hasn’t been occupied for years”)
occupies
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to keep sb/yourself busy
Occupy
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Despite not being able to find a job, she kept herself __ by doing voluntary work.
occupied
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the person who is in building, car, etc at a particular time
Occupant (noun)
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The __ of this old building are always at home.
occupants
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a job or profession; the way in which you spend your time.
Occupation (noun)
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the act of the army of one country taking control of another country; the period
of time that this situation lasts
Occupation (noun)
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The Roman __ of Britain had no lasting effect on the island except for a few architectural
remnants.
Occupation (noun)
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something that you can choose to do; the freedom to choose
Option (noun)
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She looked carefully at all __ before deciding on a career.
options
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that you can choose or not choose
Optional (adj)
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An __ subject at school
Optional (adj)
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the amount that a person or machine produces
Output (noun)
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The firm has managed to increase __ every year since 1995.
Output (noun)
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the information that a computer produces
Output
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The __ of computers has increased exponentially in the last decades. 
Output
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considering something as a whole, rather than its details or the different aspects of it;
including everything.
Overall (adj.)
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The senior police officer with __ responsibility for the case
Overall (adj.)
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a light coat worn over your clothes to protect them when you are working.
Overall (noun)
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Lines that are parallel are the same distance apart at every point along their whole
length; happening at the same time or in the same way but separately.
Parallel (adj.)
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I drew two __ lines around the border of the drawing.
Parallel (adj.)
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A way in which separate things or people are similar to each other; someone or
something that is similar to another person or thing.
Parallel (noun)
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There are many __ between the two attacks.
parallels
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a limit that affects how something can be done.
Parameter
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We have to operate within the __ of the budget.
Parameters
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a particular period of time during the development of something. 
phase (noun)
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The war was about to enter its final __.
phase (noun)
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to make something happen gradually.
phase (verb)
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The work will be __over two years.
phased
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to say what you think will happen in the future. 
predict (verb)
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They're __ heavy rain for tomorrow
predicting
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They __ that in 10 years time the Tunnel will carry 30m people, or 44% of all cross-Channel
passenger traffic, and 17% of all freight business.
predict
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main, or most important. 
Principal (adjective)
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The __ aim of the project is to provide an answer to this question.
principal
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Prior (adj.)
earlier
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__ to World War II, there was a higher percentage of marriages than after World War II.
Prior
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She came here to the office on the day __ to her death and asked about making a will.
Prior
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skilled, trained, engaged in a specified occupation for pay or as a means of livelihood
Professional (adj.
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Manchester United is a __ soccer team.
Professional (adj.
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a person who engages in some art, sport, etc. for money, esp. as a means of
livelihood, rather than as a hobby; a person who does something with great skill
Professional (noun)
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Good communications between healthcare __ is vital for effective delivery of care
Professionals (noun)
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(planned) work, activity
Project (noun)
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Do you have any ideas for new __?
projects
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to calculate
Project (verb)
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Canada’s population is __ to rise to 35 million over the next couple of years.
projected
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to throw, cast, or impel forward or onward.
Project (verb):
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One key element of public speaking is that you __ your voice to the back of the room, otherwise you
will alienate or even lose credibility with the audience.
project
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a prediction or advance estimate based on known data or observations;
extrapolation
Projection (noun)
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GAD published revised __ for 2004 and later years, based on the revised population estimates,
on 30 September 2004.
projections
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contribute to the progress or growth of, make publicity for
Promote (verb)
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The department is __ the use of computers in the classroom.
promoting
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to raise to a higher rank, status, degree
Promote (verb)
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I got __ after many years of hard work.
promoted
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A form of government, a government in power; administration (usually of an
oppressive nature)
regime (noun)
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The collapse of the fascist __.
regime
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A regulated system, as of diet and exercise; a regimen
regime (noun)
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After his heart attack the doctor put him on a strict __which he didn’t enjoy, but he certainly looked
the better for it.
regime (noun)
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to find the answer or solution to
Resolve (verb)
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They tried to __ the problem.
Resolve (verb)
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to reach as a decision or intention; determine
Resolve (verb)
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Interpreting his father's death as divine providence, the young Salieri __ to devote his life to
glorying God through his music.
resolved
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The state or quality of being resolute; firm determination.
Resolution (noun)
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It had been her New Year’s __ to lose weight.
resolution
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the capability of an optical system, or other imaging system, of making clear and distinguishable the separate parts or components of an object
Resolution (noun)
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Both cameras offer a 1/2.5-inch CCD and 6.0 effective megapixel __ to produce images that stay
sharp even when significantly enlarged
Resolution (noun)
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To keep sth., to continue to have sth.
Retain (verb)
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The house was built in 1749 and has hardly changed since then so it has__ most of its period
features.
retained
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a group or number of related or similar persons, things, or events coming one after another;
sequence; succession
Series:
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The document comprises of a__ of spreadsheets plus Word documents on how the content analysis
was conducted
series
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The BBC presented a __ of talks by four scientists competent in cosmology.
series
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The measurement of numerical data of groups, individuals or experiments. Its values inform
about a central tendency.
Statistic
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The focus here is on the detailed __ analysis of the survey results
statistical
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A study on the distribution of suicide cases in the country shows that there are indications of a consistent
and a __ significant trend away from the older and relatively isolated rural communities.
statistically
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emphasis, significance, importance
Stress (noun)
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a mental or emotional tension characterized by feelings of fear, etc.           
Stress (noun)
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To indicate blame, lay the__ upon the pronoun and not the verb in the sentence “he did it”
stress
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Thus job insecurity, job loss and job changes would be contributory factors in increasing workplace __
in employees.           
stress
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coming after, following in time, place or order
Subsequent (adj.)
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First time mothers with blood pressure complications in pregnancy should be aware that the recurrence
rate in __ pregnancies is high.
Subsequent (adj.)
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the full amount, or the whole.
Sum (noun)
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The expenses came to an enormous
Sum (noun)
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This __ includes transport to Vietnam and a "reintegration assistance package” of  $620 paid to the
boat people once they are back in Vietnam.
sum
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to bring into or contain in a brief and comprehensive statement or to form a
quick estimate of.
Sum up (verb phrase)
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Before __, the chairman made a point of congratulating the organizers for what had been a
very well run event.
summing up
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a comprehensive and usually brief abstract, recapitulation, or compendium of previously stated facts or statements. 
Summary (noun)
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For the test, don’t  just read the __!
Summary (noun)
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Oliver, in his __ of the habits of the snakes of the United States, could supply data on the
maturing period for only three species. Details of the others I had to find in the main body of the report.
summary
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direct and prompt, brief and comprehensive
Summary (adj.)
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As this __ description of the system implies, every elector has two votes.
Summary (adj.)
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to promise, agree, or obligate oneself, to make oneself responsible for; take over as a charge
Undertake (verb)
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The married couple __ to love, honor, and cherish each other for the rest of their lives.
undertook
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The present study was __ to determine the relationship between sexual behavior and EBV
infection in Edinburgh University students.
undertaken
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The document comprises of a__ of spreadsheets plus Word documents on how the content analysis
was conducted
series
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Please state your __ on the form.
Occupation (noun)
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become known or apparent
emerge
Flashcard set info:
Author: CoboCards-User
Main topic: Englisch
Topic: Englisch
Published: 18.05.2012
 
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